International criminal law (ICL)
While each state defines criminal law for itself, international criminal law (ICL) codifies a body of law that addresses international crimes such as genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and crimes of aggression. Evidently, these are the sort of crimes that take place in the course of conflict, and hence often relate directly to humanitarian crisis. In contrast to much international law, ICL does not focus on the conduct of States – it establishes individual criminal responsibility. The main sources of ICL are the 1946 Statute of the International Court of Justice and the Rome Statute creating the International Criminal Court (ICC).